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biografia di Claude MONET (1840-1926)

Personal data


Birth : 11/14/1840 - Paris, France
Death : 12/05/1926 - Giverny, France
Sex : M
Nationality/Affiliation : France

Family relations

Stepfather of Blanche HOSCHÉDÉ-MONET [ 1865-1947 ]

Education

1860 : Académie Suisse – Paris, France
Friend of Camille PISSARRO 卡米耶•毕沙罗 [ 1830-1903 ]
1862 :
Pupil of / student of Charles GLEYRE [ 1808-1874 ]

Professional data


Work and Life

1926:Finds himself unable to part with the ‘Water lily’ pictures. He destroys a few more of them. In August, a tumour in the lung is diagnosed. On 5 December, he dies of sclerosis of the lungs in the presence of Clemenceau.
1925:At the beginning of the year he says he wishes to withdraw from the donation, which evokes a harsh response from Clemenceau. Motivated by his improved sight, Monet works intensively through the summer in the open. From autumn onwards, he devotes hims
1924:Although the delivery date for the ‘Water lily’ decorations has expired, Monet will not part with the pictures. At the end of the year, his sight improves with the help of new lenses.
1923:Undergoes a first operation for the cataract in his right eye; two others follow. Wears tinted optical lenses.
1923:Monet is nearly blind. He has an operation from the cataract in one eye. His sight improves.
1922:Paul Durand-Ruel dies. Signs a provisional document donating the Grandes Décorations to the state. Because of the poor state of his eyes, he has to stop painting temporarily. Destroys several paintings.
1921:Bonnier submits a number of designs to Monet, but he doesn’t like them. The authorities suggest making an existing building available. The choice falls on the Orangerie in the Tuileries. Camille Lefèvre is appointed as the new architect.
1920:Negotiations with the state over the donation of the Grandes Décorations, for which he demands that an appropriate exhibition space be made available. Architect Louis Bonnier is commissioned to design a pavilion for the garden of the Hôtel Biron.
1919:His eyesight continues to deteriorate, but he is afraid to have an operation for fear of going blind.
1918:After the armistice, he wishes to donate two pictures to the state, to celebrate the victory of the Allies. Clemenceau and Geffroy propose the construction of a peace hall with twelve large wall panels by the artist.
1916:Throughout the war, Monet donates paintings to charitable institutions.
1914:Jean Monet dies.
1913:Travels to Switzerland.
1912:Learns in July that he is suffering from a double cataract.
1911:Alice dies.
1909:His eyesight becomes increasingly poor.
1908:Lacking confidence in his work, he is supposed to have destroyed pictures every day. In the autumn, travels to Venice.
1904:Travels to Madrid
1900:Takes several trips to London
1894:Cézanne visits Giverny.
1893:Purchases a neighbouring plot of land at Giverny, and begins to turn it into a water garden.
1892:Marries Alice Hoschedé
1891:Death of Ernest Hoschedé.
1890:Buys the house at Giverny he had previously rented.
1887:Spends the summer painting in Giverny, where Rodin visits him.
1886:Visits the Belle-Île-en-Mer off the coast of Brittany to paint, where he gets to know Gustave Geffroy, who has been writing about him for three years and later becomes his biographer.
1885:Spends the autumn in Étretat. Friendship with Guy de Maupassant.
1884:Returns to Italy, remaining in Bordighera until April. He spends the summer painting in Giverny and on the coast at Étretat. Initiates monthly Impressionist meetings at the Café Riche in Paris.
1883:The family moves to Giverny. Monet stocks his garden, painting taking a back seat. At the end of the year, he and Renoir travel to the Mediterranean coast, visiting Cézanne in L’Estaque.
1882:Works in Dieppe and Pourville, where he spends the summer.
1881:Alice Hoschedé and her six children still live with the Monets. With a joint household of ten, they move to a larger house in Poissy.
1879:Camille dies.
1878:Birth of second son Michel. In August, the family moves in with the Hoschedés in Vétheuil, on the Seine.
1877:Camille seriously ill. Monet’s patron Hoschedé is bankrupted, with profound effects on Monet’s finances and subsequent family life.
1876:Acquires a generous patron in store director Ernest Hoschedé. Paints his first decorative works.
1875:Financial situation deterioriates.
1874:First exhibition by the ‘Société’, later called the 1st Impressionist exhibition. One of Monet’s paintings, Impression, soleil levant, leads to the group as a whole being called Impressionists. More Seine pictures from the boat, and works with Manet
1873:Founding of the ’Société anonyme des artistes peintres, sculpteurs, graveurs, etc.
1872:Paints river scenes of the Seine in Argenteuil from his studio boat. Sells to Durand-Ruel and private collectors. Able to afford a more comfortable lifestyle at last.
1871:Studies paintings by John Constable and William Turner. Returns to Paris via Holland and, at the end of the year, moves to Argenteuil.
1870:Marries Camille, Courbet is his witness. Spends summer in Trouville. Outbreak of Franco-Prussian War. In autumn, Monet flees with his family to London to avoid conscription. Paints first views of London. Becomes acquainted with his future dealer Paul
1869:Moves to Bougival, where he paints with Renoir at the resort of La Grenouillère on the Seine. First purely Impressionist paintings. Renoir helps Monet out with food.
1868:Monet, Camille and Jean move to Bonnières-sur-Seine, then to Le Havre, Fécamp and Étretat.
1867:Lives and works with Bazille again. Birth of his son by Camille, Jean-Armand-Claude.
1866:Moves to Sèvres. Meets Edouard Manet. Spends summer painting in Sainte-Adresse and Honfleur. Meets up with Boudin again and Gustave Courbet.
1865:Joint studio with Bazille. Close contacts with Pissarro, Renoir and Sisley. Acquaintance with Henri Fantin-Latour.
1864:Makes acquaintance of medical student Georges Clemenceau, later a publisher, politician and ultimately Prime Minister of France. Stays in Honfleur with Boudin, Bazille, Jondkind.
1863:Together with Bazille, paints landscapes out of doors during the spring at Chailly near Barbizon.
1862:Discharged, meets Jongkind and entered the studio of Gleyre in Paris where his fellow pupils Renoir, Sisley, Bazille became his friends.
1861:Military service with the 1st African Cavalry Regiment in Algiers
1859:Moves to Paris
1856 – 1857:Earns money doing caricatures and landscape sketches. Becomes acquainted with landscape painter Eugène Boudin. First experiments in open-air painting.
1845:The family moves to Le Havre.

Work


Categorie and medium


Painting : Oil/canvas

Subject

light
landscape
portrait

Movements and styles

French Impressionism
Impressionism
9676 no label [en]

Works

Water Lilies
Date of creation : 1926
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 79 x 168 inch
 
Les décorations des Nympheas
Date of creation : 1926
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
La maison à travers les roses
Date of creation : 1926
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 66 x 82 cm
 
Seerosenteich mit Iris
Date of creation : 1922
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 200 x 600 cm
 
The Japanese Bridge
Date of creation : 1922
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 35 x 46 inch
 
Nympheas (water Lilies)
Date of creation : 1921
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 198 x 597 cm
 
Weeping Willow (Saule pleureur)
Date of creation : 1919
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 100 x 120 cm
 
Waterlilies
Date of creation : 1915
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Les arceaux fleuris, Giverny
Date of creation : 1913
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Le Parlement, effet de brouillard
Date of creation : 1904
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 33 x 37 inch
 
Waterlilies
Date of creation : 1903
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 32 x 40 inch
 
The Houses of Parliament (Effect of Fog)
Date of creation : 1903
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 81 x 92 cm
 
Charing Cross Bridge, Fog
Date of creation : 1902
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 29 x 36 inch
 
The Cliffs at Pourville
Date of creation : 1897
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 66 x 101 cm
 
Rouen Cathedral, The Façade in Sunlight
Date of creation : 1894
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 106 x 74 cm
 
Les Peupliers au bord de l'Epte
Date of creation : 1891
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 92 x 74 cm
 
A Canoa sobre o Epte
Date of creation : 1890
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 133 x 145 cm
 
La Grande Bleue à Antibes
Date of creation : 1888
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 61 x 73 cm
 
Antibes: Morning
Date of creation : 1888
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Felder im Frühling
Date of creation : 1887
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
On the Boat
Date of creation : 1887
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 146 x 134 cm
 
Willows in Heat Haze, Giverny
Date of creation : 1886
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 74 x 93 cm
 
Giverny Landscape, Snow Effect
Date of creation : 1886
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 65 x 81 cm
 
Haystack at Giverny
Date of creation : 1886
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 61 x 82 cm
 
Poppy Field in a Hollow, Near Giverny
Date of creation : 1885
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 65 x 81 cm
 
La Corniche
Date of creation : 1884
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Villas a Bordighera
Date of creation : 1884
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 74 x 92 cm
 
The Rocks at Pourville, Low Tide
Date of creation : 1883
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 64 x 79 cm
 
Environ de Giverny
Date of creation : 1883
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 25 x 82 cm
 
The Chef (Monsieur Paul)
Date of creation : 1882
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 65 x 52 cm
 
Fisherman's cabin at Varengeville
Date of creation : 1882
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 60 x 78 cm
 
Fishing nets at Pourville
Date of creation : 1882
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Waves Breaking
Date of creation : 1881
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 60 x 81 cm
 
La Falaise à Fécamp
Date of creation : 1881
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 65 x 81 cm
 
Artist's Garden at Vetheuil
Date of creation : 1881
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 101 x 81 cm
 
El deshielo en Vétheuil
Date of creation : 1881
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 60 x 100 cm
 
Die Seine bei Eisgang
Date of creation : 1881
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
The Artist's Garden at Vétheuil
Date of creation : 1880
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 152 x 121 cm
 
Orillas del Sena
Date of creation : 1880
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Across the Meadow (A travers la prairie)
Date of creation : 1879
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 32 x 39 inch
 
La Berge à Lavacourt (Riverbank at Lavacourt)
Date of creation : 1879
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Vétheuil en été
Date of creation : 1879
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 68 x 91 cm
 
Vétheuil in Winter
Date of creation : 1878
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 68 x 89 cm
 
Gladioli
Date of creation : 1876
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 60 x 83 cm
 
Tow-Path at Argenteuil, Winter
Date of creation : 1875
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Woman seated on a Bench
Date of creation : 1874
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 74 x 56 cm
 
Boulevard des Capucines
Date of creation : 1874
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 79 x 59 cm
 
Girl in a Garden with a Dog
Date of creation : 1873
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Springtime
Date of creation : 1872
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Le Printemps à Argenteuil
Date of creation : 1872
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Impression : soleil levant
Date of creation : 1872
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 48 x 63 cm
 
Le Moulin de l´Onbekende Gracht, Amsterdam
Date of creation : 1871
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
The Seine at Bougival, Evening
Date of creation : 1869
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Still Life with Flowers and Fruit
Date of creation : 1869
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
La Seine à Bougival (The Seine at Bougival)
Date of creation : 1869
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Fishing Boats at Sea
Date of creation : 1868
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
Honfleur
Date of creation : 1868
Medium : Oil/canvas
 
On the Bank of the Seine, Bennecourt
Date of creation : 1868
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 82 x 101 cm
 
Garden of the Princess, Louvre
Date of creation : 1867
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 92 x 62 cm
 
Camille
Date of creation : 1866
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 231 x 151 cm
 
Haystacks at Chailly
Date of creation : 1865
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 30 x 60 cm
 
Coastal landscape
Date of creation : 1864
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 53 x 80 cm
 
Spring Flowers
Date of creation : 1864
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 117 x 91 cm
 
Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe
Date of creation : 1863
Medium : Oil/canvas
Size : 81 x 101 cm
 

Solo Exhibitions (Selected)


Solo exhibitions

2001

I luoghi della pittura
Casa dei Carraresi – Treviso TV, Italy
09/29/2001 – 02/10/2002

Monet & Japan
NGA National Gallery of Australia – Canberra ACT, Australia
03/09/2001 – 06/11/2001

2000

Promenade…
Musée Marmottan – Paris, France
04/27/2000 – 12/31/2000

1999

Monet At Giverny: Masterpieces from the Musée Marmottan
Phoenix Art Museum – Phoenix AZ, United States
09/18/1999 – 01/02/2000

Monet: Late Paintings of Giverny from the Musée Marmottan
SDMA San Diego Museum of Art – San Diego CA, United States
06/27/1999 – 08/30/1999

Monet At Giverny: Masterpieces from the Musée Marmottan
Albright Knox Art Gallery – Buffalo NY, United States
05/23/1999 – 08/29/1999

Monet, le cycle des Nymphéas
Musée de l’Orangerie – Paris, France
05/06/1999 – 08/02/1999

Monet At Giverny: Masterpieces from the Musée Marmottan
Musée des Beaux-Arts – Montréal QC, Canada
01/28/1999 – 05/09/1999

Monet in the 20th Century
Royal Academy of Arts – London, United Kingdom
01/23/1999 – 04/18/1999

1998

Monet in the 20th Century
MFA Museum of Fine Arts – Boston MA, United States
09/20/1998 – 12/27/1998

Monet: Late Paintings of Giverny from the Musée Marmottan
Portland Art Museum – Portland OR, United States
09/18/1998 – 01/03/1999

1995

Claude Monet: 1840-1926
The Art Institute of Chicago – Chicago IL, United States
07/22/1995 – 11/26/1995

1921

Retrospective
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune – Paris, France
1921

1919

Durand Ruel Gallery – New York NY, United States
1919

1912

Venise
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune – Paris, France
1912

1911

Durand Ruel Gallery – New York NY, United States
1911

MFA Museum of Fine Arts – Boston MA, United States
1911

1909

Les Nymphéas, Séries de paysages d’eau 1903-1908
Galerie Durand Ruel – Paris, France
1909

1906

Faure Collection
Galerie Durand Ruel – Paris, France
1906

1904

Thames in London
Galerie Durand Ruel – Paris, France
1904

1902

Durand Ruel Gallery – New York NY, United States
1902

1900

Japanese bridge
Galerie Durand Ruel – Paris, France
1900

1898

Galerie Georges Petit – Paris, France
1898

1895

Durand Ruel Gallery – New York NY, United States
1895

Galerie Durand Ruel – Paris, France
1895

1892

Poplars
Galerie Durand Ruel – Paris, France
1892

1891

Wheatstack
Galerie Durand Ruel – Paris, France
1891

1889

Goupil Galleries – London, United Kingdom
1889

1883

Galerie Durand Ruel – Paris, France
1883

1880

La Vie Moderne – Paris, France
1880

Group Exhibitions (Selected)


Art shows / fairs

2004

FIAC Foire Internationale d’Art Contemporain, n°31
Paris Expo – Porte de Versailles – Paris, France
10/21/2004 – 10/25/2004
Represented by : Galerie Larock-Granoff – 13 Quai de Conti – Paris, France

2001

Art Basel Miami Beach: cancelled
Miami Beach Convention Center – Miami Beach FL, United States
12/13/2001 – 12/16/2001
Represented by : Galerie Beyeler – Bäumleingasse 9 – Basel BS, Switzerland

Artpalmbeach – 4th Modern & Contemporary Art Fair
International Pavilion of the Palm Beaches – West Palm Beach FL, United States
01/10/2001 – 01/15/2001
Represented by : O’Hara Gallery – #1302 41 East 57th Street – New York NY, United States

2000

International Artexpo California
San Francisco CA, United States
11/02/2000 – 11/05/2000
Represented by : Museum Editions West – 4130 Del Rey Avenue – Marina Del Rey CA, United States

1999

Art21
Las Vegas NV, United States
11/03/1999 – 11/06/1999
Represented by : Dexa – 5 rue Jean Jacques Rousseau – Paris, France

Artpalmbeach – Modern & Contemporary Art Fair
International Pavilion of the Palm Beaches – West Palm Beach FL, United States
03/10/1999 – 03/15/1999
Represented by : Lisa Kurts Gallery – 766 South White Station Road – Memphis TN, United States

1880

Le Salon
Paris, France
1880

1868

Le Salon
Paris, France
1868

1866

Le Salon
Paris, France
1866

1865

Le Salon
Paris, France
1865


Group exhibitions

2004

Paris Painters: From Renoir to Picasso: the Osacr Ghez Collection
Kunsthal Rotterdam – Rotterdam, Netherlands
10/02/2004 – 01/23/2005

2003

Paradise
National Gallery – London, United Kingdom
07/10/2003 – 09/28/2003

Paradise
Laing Art Gallery – Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom
04/12/2003 – 06/29/2003

Paris in the Age of Impressionism: Masterworks from the Musée d’Orsay
MFAH Museum of Fine Arts – Houston TX, United States
04/06/2003 – 06/29/2003

A Private Passion: 19th Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University
Musée des Beaux-Arts – Lyon, France
03/14/2003 – 05/26/2003

Paradise
City Museum and Art Gallery – Bristol, Avon, United Kingdom
01/18/2003 – 03/30/2003

2002

Paris in the Age of Impressionism: Masterworks from the Musée d’Orsay
High Museum of Art – Atlanta GA, United States
11/23/2002 – 03/16/2003

Edouard Manet und die Impressionisten
Staatsgalerie – Stuttgart, Germany
09/21/2002 – 02/09/2003

Impressions: Kunst für den Tropenwald/Art for the Tropical Forest
Galerie Beyeler – Basel BS, Switzerland
06/08/2002 – 11/15/2002

Le Regard de l’autre
Ecole Régionale des Beaux-Arts – Rouen, France
04/27/2002 – 09/02/2002

Claude Monet … bis zum digitalen Impressionismus
Fondation Beyeler – Riehen BL, Switzerland
03/28/2002 – 08/18/2002

2001

Claude Monet und die Moderne
Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kultur-Stiftung – Munich, Germany
11/23/2001 – 03/10/2002

Monet, Renoir and the Impressionist Landscape
MFAH Museum of Fine Arts – Houston TX, United States
01/21/2001 – 04/15/2001

2000

From Rembrandt to Rubens and Monet to Matisse
NGA National Gallery of Art – Washington DC, United States
10/04/2000 – 02/04/2001

Monet, Renoir and the Impressionist Landscape
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts – Richmond VA, United States
09/19/2000 – 12/10/2000

Monet, Renoir and the Impressionist Landscape
National Gallery of Canada / Musée des Beaux-Arts du Canada – Ottawa ON, Canada
06/01/2000 – 08/27/2000

1999

Monet, Renoir and the Impressionist Landscape
N/BMFA Nagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts – Nagoya, Japan
04/17/1999 – 09/26/1999

1998

Manet, Monet, and the Gare Saint-Lazare
NGA National Gallery of Art – Washington DC, United States
06/14/1998 – 09/20/1998

Manet, Monet, la gare Saint-Lazare
Musée d’Orsay – Paris, France
02/09/1998 – 05/17/1998

1919

Monet / Rodin
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune – Paris, France
1919

1902

Monet / Pissarro
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune – Paris, France
1902

1900

Renoir / Monet
Durand Ruel Gallery – New York NY, United States
1900

Universal Exhibition / Exposition Universelle
Paris, France
1900

1899

French Art
Saint Petersburg, RUSSIAN FEDERATION
1899

French Art
Moscow, RUSSIAN FEDERATION
1899

1897

Biennale di Venezia
Venice VE, Italy
1897

1889

Universal Exhibition / Exposition Universelle
Paris, France
1889

Monet / Rodin
Galerie Georges Petit – Paris, France
1889

1887

6ème Exposition Internationale de Peinture et Sculpture
Galerie Georges Petit – Paris, France
1887

1886

Les XX
Brussels, Belgium
1886

Works in Oil and Pastel by the Impressionists of Paris
New York NY, United States
1886

5ème Exposition Internationale de Peinture et Sculpture
Galerie Georges Petit – Paris, France
1886

1885

4ème Exposition Internationale de Peinture et Sculpture
Galerie Georges Petit – Paris, France
1885

1882

7ème Exposition Impressionniste
Paris, France
1882

1879

4ème Exposition Impressionniste
Paris, France
1879

1877

3ème Exposition Impressionniste
Paris, France
1877

1876

2nde Exposition Impressionniste
Galerie Durand Ruel – Paris, France
1876

1874

Première Exposition Impressionniste
Chez Nadar – Paris, France
1874

1858

Exposition municipale de la Ville du Havre
Le Havre, France
1858

Bibliography (Selected)


By the artist


Books

1998

Mon histoire
Publisher: L’Echoppe – Paris, France
1998


On the artist


Books

1999

Waterlilies
Publisher: Editions Hazan – 3 rue Fleurus – Paris, France
Author: Georgel Pierre
1999

1998

Monet
Publisher: Editions du Chêne – 43 quai Grenelle – Paris, France
Author: Phay-Vakalis Soko
1998

1997

Monet
Publisher: Phaidon Press – Regent’s Wharf – London, United Kingdom
Author: Rachman C.
1997

1994

Claude Monet in Great Britain
Publisher: Editions Hazan – 3 rue Fleurus – Paris, France
Author: Patin Sylvie
1994

1992

Monet
Publisher: Editions Gründ – 60, rue Mazarine – Paris, France
Author: Sproccati Sandro
1992


Monographies

1987

Claude Monet : sa vie, son oeuvre
Author: Geffroy Gustave
1987

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